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Int J Cardiol. 2012 Jul 26;158(3):423-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.01.096. Epub 2011 Feb 26.

Distinguishing focal fibrotic lesions and non-fibrotic lesions in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy by assessment of regional myocardial strain using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography: comparison with multislice CT.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Science and Medicine, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba City, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To distinguish focal fibrotic and non-fibrotic lesions in left-ventricular myocardium (LVM) in hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy (HCM)-subjects, we compared myocardial regional peak-strain values using two-dimensional speckle-tracking transthoracic-echocardiography (TTE) in multislice computed-tomography (CT)-detected fibrotic, non-fibrotic and normal control lesions.

METHODS:

Twenty subjects (10 consecutive HCM-subjects (8-males, mean 63.4-years), 10 healthy controls (5-males, mean 51.5-years)) underwent speckle-tracking TTE (iE-33), and analysis of regional peak-longitudinal (LS) and radial-strain (RS), and corresponding strain rates in each of 17 LVM segments (American-Heart-Association classification). In HCM-subjects, fibrotic lesions were identified by early-phase defective enhancement and late-phase abnormal enhancement by CT (Light-Speed-Ultra-16). Regional peak LS and RS at basal, mid and apical levels were measured in MSCT-detected fibrotic and non-fibrotic LVM lesions.

RESULTS:

In 10 HCM subjects, 143 lesions (84.1%) yielded good tracking on TTE. Twenty lesions showed fibrotic changes in 5 subjects by CT. Regional peak-LS and RS absolute values were significantly lower in both fibrotic and non-fibrotic lesions in HCM subjects than in controls at basal, mid, apical levels (all P<0.05). While peak-LS (%) absolute values were significantly lower in fibrotic than non-fibrotic lesions at basal, mid and apical levels (all P<0.05), regional peak-RS absolute values were significantly lower only at mid levels. LS was a more sensitive indicator than the corresponding rate, with better reproducibility.

CONCLUSIONS:

In HCM, regional peak-LS was significantly lower in fibrotic than non-fibrotic lesions in LVM by CT. Regional peak-LS by speckle-tracking provides useful information noninvasively to distinguish fibrotic from non-fibrotic lesions in LVM in HCM and normal LVM in healthy controls.

PMID:
21354635
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.01.096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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