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Mech Ageing Dev. 2011 Apr;132(4):154-62. doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2011.02.007. Epub 2011 Feb 25.

Mechano Growth Factor E peptide (MGF-E), derived from an isoform of IGF-1, activates human muscle progenitor cells and induces an increase in their fusion potential at different ages.

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Thérapie des maladies du muscle strié, Institut de Myologie, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, G.H. Pitié-Salpétrière, 47 bd de l'hôpital, Paris, France.


Loss of muscle mass and strength is a major problem during aging and the expression of Mechano Growth Factor (MGF), a member of the IGF-1 (insulin-like Growth Factor 1) super family, has been shown to be both exercise and age dependent. MGF, also called IGF-1Ec, has a unique E domain with a 49bp insert in humans (52bp in rodents; IGF-1Eb), which results in a reading frame shift during the IGF-1 gene splicing to produce a distinct mature isoform. We have studied the effects of the MGF-24aa-E peptide on proliferation and differentiation of primary human muscle cell cultures isolated from healthy subjects of different ages. We found that MGF-E peptide significantly increases the proliferative life span and delays senescence of satellite cells isolated from neonatal and young adult but not from old adult muscle, hypertrophy associated with a significant decrease in the percentage of reserve cells was observed in all cultures. It is concluded that the MGF-24aa-E peptide alone has a marked ability to enhance satellite cell activation, proliferation and fusion for muscle repair and maintenance and could provide a new strategy to combat age related sarcopenia without the oncogenic side effects observed for IGF1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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