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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011 Mar;106(3):230-8. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2010.11.022. Epub 2011 Jan 6.

Identification and quantification of tomato allergens: in vitro characterization of six different varieties.

Author information

1
R&D Department, Laboratorios LETI, SL Tres Cantos, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of sensitization to tomato has been estimated in 6.5% in a Mediterranean population.

OBJECTIVES:

To characterize the allergenic profile of 6 commonly ingested varieties of tomato and to identify and quantify the most representative allergens.

METHODS:

Rama, Rambo, Canario, Kumato, Pera and Raf tomato varieties were carefully peeled and extracts from peel and pulp prepared. The extracts were characterized by SDS-PAGE and immunoblot. Lyc e 3 and osmotin-like protein (OLP) were identified by LC MS/MS and PG2A by immunoblot with a specific polyclonal antibody. Protein content and allergen concentration (Lyc e 3 and PG2A) were measured by scanning densitometry after identification. One hundred and ninety-one patients were enrolled in the study. Specific IgE to all tomato extracts was evaluated by direct ELISA.

RESULTS:

Eighty (41.7%) individuals reported symptoms after contact/ingestion with tomato, most of them oral symptoms. Protein profile and allergen quantification of the 6 varieties showed differences in the allergen composition. Lyc e 3 was visualized in all extracts, being the most abundant in all cases. PG2A and OLP were identified in all peel extracts and in some pulp extracts. Higher specific IgE values were obtained for the Kumato variety. Immunoblot showed the existence of several bands with IgE-binding capacity, especially at 12 and 45-50 kDa.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study demonstrates differences in the antigenic and allergenic profiles of the analyzed varieties and variations in their allergenic composition, affecting the diagnostic capacity. LTP and PG2A are important tomato allergens in our population but other IgE-binding capacity proteins are also involved.

PMID:
21354025
DOI:
10.1016/j.anai.2010.11.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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