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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011 Mar;106(3):214-22. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2010.12.008. Epub 2011 Jan 17.

Risk of serious asthma exacerbations associated with long-acting beta agonists among patients with asthma: a retrospective cohort study.

Author information

1
University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0004, USA. jeff.guo@uc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

After the Serevent Nationwide Surveillance clinical trial, controversy has surrounded the safety of long-acting beta agonists (LABAs).

OBJECTIVE:

Examine the association between LABAs and severe asthma exacerbations (SAEs).

METHODS:

From a multistate Medicaid database, for the years 2002-2007, a total of 940,449 patients (age <40) with asthma were selected and divided into a cohort with newly-diagnosed asthma and one with pre-existing asthma. SAEs included asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and intubations. Patients' asthma severity was determined based on medication regimen as suggested by the 2002 National Asthma Guidelines. Specific use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), LABAs, ICS/LABA combination drugs, short-acting beta agonists (SABAs), and other drugs was tracked. Cox proportional hazard regressions were estimated to assess the risk of SAEs associated with patient severity, drug use, and covariates.

RESULTS:

Compared to patients taking a SABA only, estimated SAE hazard ratios for newly diagnosed and pre-existing-asthma patients were as follows: 0.63 (95% CI 0.58-0.69) and 0.74 (0.70-0.79) for patients on a LABA without ICS, and 0.79 (0.77-0.81) and 0.90 (0.87-0.92) for those on a LABA/ICS single inhaler. Although hazard ratios were estimated to be similar for ED visits, LABA use was found to be positively associated with hospitalizations and intubations. Other key risk factors (P < .0001) included being African American, an alcohol/substance use disorder, pregnancy, and obesity.

CONCLUSION:

Relative to SABA-only therapy, LABA use is associated with a lower risk of ED visit. Certain patients with asthma, such as pregnant women and African Americans, are particularly vulnerable to SAE risk of all types.

PMID:
21354023
DOI:
10.1016/j.anai.2010.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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