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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2011 Apr;46(4):752-61. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2011.02.008. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination defects in OMgp null mice.

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Biogen Idec Inc, 14 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.


OMgp is selectively expressed in CNS by oligodendrocyte. However, its potential role(s) in oligodendrocyte development and myelination remain unclear. We show that OMgp null mice are hypomyelinated in their spinal cords, resulting in slower ascending and descending conduction velocities compared to wild-type mice. Consistent with the hypomyelination, in the MOG induced EAE model, OMgp null mice show a more severe EAE clinical disease and slower nerve conduction velocity compared to WT animals. The contribution of OMgp to oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination was verified using cultured oligodendrocytes from null mice. Oligodendrocytes isolated from OMgp null mice show a significant decrease in the number of MBP(+) cells and in myelination compared to wild-type mice. The dramatic effects of the OMgp KO in oligodendrocyte maturation in vivo and in vitro reveal a new and important function for OMgp in regulating CNS myelination.

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