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Musculoskeletal Care. 2011 Mar;9(1):41-8. doi: 10.1002/msc.198. Epub 2010 Dec 9.

Depression and age as predictors of patient-reported outcome in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Author information

1
Research and Development Centre, Spenshult Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Oskarstrom, Sweden. ann.bremander@spenshult.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The recommended treatment for chronic musculoskeletal pain is multidisciplinary, with a cognitive approach. The aim of this study was to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome after a multidisciplinary treatment with a cognitive approach.

METHODS:

A total of 131 subjects who participated in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme (2005-2008) were studied at baseline and after six months, using the Short Form Short Form 36-item Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) as primary outcome (HRQoL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and pain as secondary outcomes and possible baseline predictors for HRQoL.

RESULTS:

Complete data were available for 97 subjects (85 women, mean age [SD] 44.6 [9.7] years). The SF-36 subscales physical function (PF), general health (GH), vitality (VT), social function (SF) and mental health (MH), the visual analogue scale for pain and the HAD improved significantly (p < 0.05) at follow-up compared with baseline. A pre-treatment probable depression (HAD score ≥11) was associated with a favourable outcome of the SF-36 subscales PF (odds ratio [OR] 5.6; p = 0.01), VT (OR 4.3; p = 0.02) and MH (OR 3.6; p = 0.02). A probable anxiety (HAD score ≥11) was associated with a favourable outcome of PF (OR 2.6; p = 0.05). There was an even stronger association for younger subjects (20-45 years), with probable depression scores at baseline and a favourable HRQoL outcome at follow up.

CONCLUSION:

This multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme, using a non-pharmacological cognitive approach, seemed to yield a better outcome concerning HRQoL measures in younger subjects with higher depression scores at baseline. This information is important for clinics when tailoring a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme for patients with musculoskeletal chronic pain.

PMID:
21351369
DOI:
10.1002/msc.198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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