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World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Feb 7;17(5):639-45. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i5.639.

Natural history of heartburn: a 10-year population-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Landspitali University Hospitol, and The Social Science Research Institute, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland. linda04@ru.is

Abstract

AIM:

To study the natural history and prevalence of heartburn at a 10-year interval, and to study the effect of heartburn on various symptoms and activities.

METHODS:

A population-based postal study was carried out. Questionnaires were mailed to the same age- and gender-stratified random sample of the Icelandic population (aged 18-75 years) in 1996 and again in 2006. Subjects were classified with heartburn if they reported heartburn in the preceding year and/or week, based on the definition of heartburn.

RESULTS:

Heartburn in the preceding year was reported in 42.8% (1996) and 44.2% (2006) of subjects, with a strong relationship between those who experienced heartburn in both years. Heartburn in the preceding week was diagnosed in 20.8%. There was a significant relationship between heartburn, dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome. Individuals with a body mass index (BMI) below or higher than normal weight were more likely to have heartburn. Heartburn caused by food or beverages was reported very often by 20.0% of subjects.

CONCLUSION:

Heartburn is a common and chronic condition. Subjects with a BMI below or higher than normal weight are more likely to experience heartburn. Heartburn has a great impact on daily activities, sleep and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; Follow-up; Heartburn; Questionnaire study

PMID:
21350713
PMCID:
PMC3040336
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v17.i5.639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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