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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Apr;56(4):312-9. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31820c011a.

Predictors of survival after a diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a resource-limited setting: a retrospective study on the impact of HIV infection and its treatment.

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  • 1Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.



We examined factors associated with survival among patients with newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Uganda.


Information was abstracted from medical records for all NHL patients >13 years of age at the Uganda Cancer Institute between January 2004 and August 2008. Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify predictors of NHL survival.


One hundred sixty patients with NHL were identified; 51 (31.9%) were known to be HIV positive. Overall, 154 patients had records sufficient for further analysis. The median person-time observed was 104 days (interquartile range 26-222). Median survival after presentation among those whose mortality status was confirmed was 61 days (interquartile range 25-203). HIV-positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy had survival rates approximating those of HIV-negative persons, but the adjusted hazard of death was significantly elevated among HIV-positive patients not receiving antiretroviral therapy [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 8.99, P < 0.001] compared with HIV-negative patients. Both B-symptoms (HR 2.08, P = 0.05) and female gender (HR 1.72, P = 0.05) were associated with higher mortality.


In Uganda, overall survival of NHL patients is poor, and predictors of survival differed from those described in resource-rich regions. HIV is a common comorbidity to NHL, and its lack of treatment was among the strongest predictors of mortality. Strategies are needed for optimal management of HIV-infected individuals with cancer in resource-limited settings.

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