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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2011 Jun;156(2):165-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2011.01.029. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

High early uterine vascular resistance values increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome independently from placental VEGF and VEGFR1 reactivities.

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2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Semmelweis University, 78a Ulloi street, Budapest H1082, Hungary.



From data in the literature, we hypothesized that high vascular resistance values in the uterine arteries at the end of the first trimester would increase adverse pregnancy outcomes and therefore might be accompanied by changes in VEGF/VEGFR1 immunoreactivities.


In our university hospital 82 women (Study I n=62 and Study II n=20) were divided into two groups according to their uterine vascular resistance values. Uterine vascular resistance values were measured in the 10-13th weeks of gestation by color-Doppler ultrasonography. Women were divided into low and high vascular resistance groups. In the prospective follow-up study (Study I) the data of the pregnancy outcome were recorded. In cross-sectional study (Study II), VEGF and VEGFR1 immunoreactivities were measured on the tissue samples from women who underwent termination of pregnancy.


In the high vascular resistance group (PI>2.3), the probability of adverse pregnancy outcome was significantly higher (40.0% vs. 12.8%). No differences in VEGF and VEGFR1 immunoreactivities were observed between groups. In both groups, intense VEGF immunoreactivity was observed in the maternal glandular epithelium and in the decidual cells. Weak reactivity was observed in the villous trophoblast. VEGFR1 immunoreactivity was intense in all regions.


Our data suggest that high vascular resistance values in the first trimester are independent from VEGF/VEGFR1 immunoreactivities and markedly increase the probability of adverse pregnancy outcomes. This may be used for early screening of pregnant women in the first trimester.

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