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Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2011 Mar;40(1):1-18, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2010.12.005.

The epidemiology of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

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Gastrointestinal Pathobiology Research Group, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, 310 Cedar Street, PO Box 208602, New Haven, CT 06520-8062, USA.


In this article, updated analyses of the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry (1973-2007) are presented and compared with epidemiologic GEP-NET data from Europe and Asia. Several studies have demonstrated a steadily increasing incidence of GEP-NETs, and this escalation is still ongoing (SEER data 2004-2007). The common primary GEP-NET sites exhibit unique epidemiologic profiles with distinct patterns of incidence, age at diagnosis, stage, and survival. Overall, GEP-NET survival has improved over the past 3 decades, although the outcome for poorly differentiated tumors remains dismal.

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