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AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 Nov 13;2010:217-21.

Computer surveillance of patients at high risk for and with venous thromboembolism.

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  • 1Medical Informatics, Intermountain Healthcare;

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), may be the number one preventable cause of death associated with hospitalization. Numerous evidence-based guidelines for effective VTE prophylaxis therapy exist. However, underuse is common due to the difficulty in integrating VTE risk assessment into routine patient care. Previous studies utilizing computer decision support to identify high-risk patients report improved use of prophylaxis therapy and reduced VTE. However, those studies did not report the sensitivity, specificity or positive predictive value of their methods to identify patients at high risk. We report an evaluation of a computerized tool to identify patients at high risk for VTE that found a sensitivity of 98% and positive predictive value of 99%. Another computer program used to detect VTE had a sensitivity of 92%, specificity of 99% and a positive predictive value of 97% to identify DVT and a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 98% and positive predictive value of 89% to identify PE. These tools were found to provide a dependable method to identify patients at high risk for and with VTE.

PMID:
21346972
PMCID:
PMC3041332
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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