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Part Fibre Toxicol. 2011 Feb 23;8:9. doi: 10.1186/1743-8977-8-9.

Cytotoxicity screening of 23 engineered nanomaterials using a test matrix of ten cell lines and three different assays.

Author information

1
Biomedizinisches Technologiezentrum, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Domagkstraße 3a, 48149 Münster, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Engineered nanomaterials display unique properties that may have impact on human health, and thus require a reliable evaluation of their potential toxicity. Here, we performed a standardized in vitro screening of 23 engineered nanomaterials. We thoroughly characterized the physicochemical properties of the nanomaterials and adapted three classical in vitro toxicity assays to eliminate nanomaterial interference. Nanomaterial toxicity was assessed in ten representative cell lines.

RESULTS:

Six nanomaterials induced oxidative cell stress while only a single nanomaterial reduced cellular metabolic activity and none of the particles affected cell viability. Results from heterogeneous and chemically identical particles suggested that surface chemistry, surface coating and chemical composition are likely determinants of nanomaterial toxicity. Individual cell lines differed significantly in their response, dependent on the particle type and the toxicity endpoint measured.

CONCLUSION:

In vitro toxicity of the analyzed engineered nanomaterials cannot be attributed to a defined physicochemical property. Therefore, the accurate identification of nanomaterial cytotoxicity requires a matrix based on a set of sensitive cell lines and in vitro assays measuring different cytotoxicity endpoints.

PMID:
21345205
PMCID:
PMC3059267
DOI:
10.1186/1743-8977-8-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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