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Indian J Exp Biol. 2010 Aug;48(8):778-85.

Preparation and characterization of immunoglobulin yolk against the venom of Naja naja atra.

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1
Department of Pathophysiology, Guangzhou Medical College, #195 Dong Feng West Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510082, China.

Abstract

Chinese Cobra (Naja naja atra) bite is one of the leading causes of snake-bite mortality in China. The traditional anti-cobra venom serum therapy was found to be expensive and with high frequency of side effects. Therefore attempts were made to generate a high titer immunoglobulin from egg yolk (IgY) of crude cobra-venom immunized Leghorn hens, and to standardize an effective method for producing avian antivenom in relatively pure form. The IgY was isolated first by water dilution method to remove the lipid, then extracted by ammonium sulfate precipitation, and purified through anion exchange chromatogram. The different purities of IgY from different isolating stages were submitted to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and SDS-PAGE to determine their titers. Immunoblotting showed that the purified IgY (ion exchange chromatography fraction, IECF) recognized several antigenic fractions of cobra venom, and presented with the character of polyclonal antibody. IECF on SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions migrated as a 65 kDa heavy chain and a 35 kDa light chain, respectively. The LD50 of the N. naja atra venom was 0.62 mg/kg body weight in mice. Four times the LD50 dose of venom was selected as challenge dose, and the ED50 of IgY was 3.04 mg IECF/mg venom. The results indicate that the activity of anti-snake venom IgY could be obviously elevated by ion exchange chromatography, thus possessing therapeutic significance for snakebite envenomation.

PMID:
21341535
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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