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J Mol Neurosci. 2011 Sep;45(1):32-41. doi: 10.1007/s12031-011-9502-x. Epub 2011 Feb 22.

Proteasome inhibition drives HDAC6-dependent recruitment of tau to aggresomes.

Author information

1
Geriatrics Research Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA.

Abstract

Lesions containing aggregated and hyperphosphorylated tau protein are characteristic of neurodegenerative tauopathies. We have developed a cellular model of pathological tau deposition and clearance by overexpressing wild type human tau in HEK293 cells. When proteasome activity is inhibited, HEK293/tau cells accumulate tau protein in structures that bear many of the hallmarks of aggresomes. These include recruitment of tau into large spherical inclusions, accumulation of the retrograde motor protein dynein at the centrosome, formation of an intermediate filament cage around inclusions, and clustering of mitochondria at the aggresome. Tau aggresomes form rapidly and can be cleared upon relief of proteasome inhibition. We observe recruitment of pathological misfolded phospho-tau species to aggresomes. Immunoblotting reveals accumulation of detergent insoluble aggregated tau species. Knockdown of histone deacetylase 6, a protein known to interact with tau, reveals a requirement for HDAC6 activity in tau aggresome formation. Direct observation of the accumulation and clearance of abnormal tau species will allow us to dissect the cellular and molecular mechanisms at work in clearing aggresomal tau and its similarity to disease relevant pathological tau clearance mechanisms.

PMID:
21340680
PMCID:
PMC3145040
DOI:
10.1007/s12031-011-9502-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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