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Int J Womens Health. 2010 Dec 30;3:1-14. doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S6938.

Treatment of postpartum depression: clinical, psychological and pharmacological options.

Abstract

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common complication of childbearing, and has increasingly been identified as a major public health problem. Untreated maternal depression has multiple potential negative effects on maternal-infant attachment and child development. Screening for depression in the perinatal period is feasible in multiple primary care or obstetric settings, and can help identify depressed mothers earlier. However, there are multiple barriers to appropriate treatment, including concerns about medication effects in breastfeeding infants. This article reviews the literature and recommendations for the treatment of postpartum depression, with a focus on the range of pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and other nonpharmacologic interventions.

KEYWORDS:

antidepressant; bright light therapy; hormone therapy; lactation; omega-3; postnatal depression; postpartum depression; psychotherapy

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