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Lung Cancer. 2011 Sep;73(3):356-60. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2011.01.013. Epub 2011 Feb 21.

Influence of co-morbidity on renal function assessment by Cockcroft-Gault calculation in lung cancer and mesothelioma patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.

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1
Dept Medical Oncology, Christie Hospital, Manchester M20 4BX, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Creatinine clearance (CrCl) estimation by Cockcroft-Gault calculation (CG) often replaces measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by [(51)Cr]-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid clearance (EDTA). Co-morbidity, age, and renal impairment influence the accuracy of CG, whilst the relationship between CG and EDTA has been poorly assessed in lung cancer patients, a population significantly affected by these covariates.

METHODS:

Retrospective analysis of co-morbidity, nephrotoxic drug use, chemotherapy toxicity, and correlation between paired CG and EDTA, in 388 lung cancer and mesothelioma patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.

RESULTS:

Potentially nephrotoxic co-morbidity or medication use occurred in 47% of patients, and was twice as likely in those aged >70 years (OR=2.07; 95%CI: 1.25-3.44, p=0.003). Patients with co-morbidity or nephrotoxic medication use had a lower EDTA compared to those without these baseline factors (p=0.02), but were not significantly more likely to experience chemotherapy toxicity. CG and EDTA correlation was high (r(2)=0.68), but reduced in patients with ETDA<50 ml/min (r(2)=0.26, p=0.02) or >120 ml/min (r(2)=0.32, p=0.09), and in those with CG>120 ml/min (r(2)=0.20, p=0.01). The correlation between CG and EDTA was not significantly altered in patients with co-morbidity or nephrotoxic medication use. CG bias (mean percentage error) and precision (mean absolute percentage error, MAPE) were 7% and 26%, respectively, and precision was impaired in patients with abnormally raised serum creatinine (MAPE 65%, p<0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

CG estimation of CrCl is accurate and safe in lung cancer patients with potentially nephrotoxic co-morbidity or concomitant medication, but should not be used when values are outside the range 50-120 ml/min, or with abnormally elevated serum creatinine.

PMID:
21334759
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2011.01.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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