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Hum Pathol. 2011 Aug;42(8):1103-11. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2010.11.013. Epub 2011 Feb 21.

A prognostic index in skin melanoma through the combination of matrix metalloproteinase-2, Ki67, and p53.

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Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Oulu University Hospital, OYS 90029, Oulu, Finland.


The objective of this immunohistochemical study was to explore the roles of Ki67 and p53 in conjunction with matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-2 in a series of 157 cases of skin melanomas. Elevated Ki67 expression and positive staining for p53 correlated to the propensity to metastasize (P = .016) and to declined disease-specific survival, as well as to shortened recurrence-free survival. In patients with a high immunoreaction for Ki67, the 10-year disease-specific survival was 39% compared with 73% in patients with a low Ki67 expression (P = .03). In cases with a positive p53 expression in melanoma cells, the 10-year disease-specific survival was 59% compared with 76% in patients with a negative immunoreaction for p53 (P = .005). Overexpression of the matrix metalloproteinase 2 protein in conjunction with overexpression of Ki67 characterized melanomas with high metastatic potential and was associated with declined survival with a 10-year disease-specific survival of 33% compared with 85% in the cases with low matrix metalloproteinase-2 and low Ki-67 levels (P = .002). Similarly, in cases with overexpression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and a positive immunoreaction for p53, the 10-year disease-specific survival was only 42% compared with 80% in patients with matrix metalloproteinase-2 less than 20% and a negative immunostaining for p53 (P < .001). The presence of all 3 adverse prognostic factors was prognostically more significant than any marker alone with a 10-year survival of only 28%. This combination of determining matrix metalloproteinase 2, Ki67, and p53 immunoreactive proteins could be beneficial in the selection of high-risk melanoma patients for future adjuvant trials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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