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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;50(3):242-251.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.12.015.

A new parenting-based group intervention for young anxious children: results of a randomized controlled trial.

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Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Brunswick St., Manchester, UK.



Despite recent advances, there are still no interventions that have been developed for the specific treatment of young children who have anxiety disorders. This study examined the impact of a new, cognitive-behaviorally based parenting intervention on anxiety symptoms.


Families of 74 anxious children (aged 9 years or less) took part in a randomized controlled trial, which compared the new 10-session, group-format intervention with a wait-list control condition. Outcome measures included blinded diagnostic interview and self-reports from parents and children.


Intention-to-treat analyses indicated that children whose parent(s) received the intervention were significantly less anxious at the end of the study than those in the control condition. Specifically, 57% of those receiving the new intervention were free of their primary disorder, compared with 15% in the control condition. Moreover, 32% of treated children were free of any anxiety diagnosis at the end of the treatment period, compared with 6% of those in the control group. Treatment gains were maintained at 12-month follow-up.


This new parenting-based intervention may represent an advance in the treatment of this previously neglected group.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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