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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 May;204(5):448.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.12.056. Epub 2011 Feb 18.

Teaching forceps: the impact of proactive faculty.

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  • 1Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.



The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact on resident forceps experience by a single proactive teacher.


A study was performed to assess the impact on delivery statistics and outcome following the assignment of a single attending to teach forceps to residents. A 2 year period immediately preceding and 2 years following the study was compared using χ(2) and Student t tests.


After appointment of the specific teaching attending, forceps deliveries increased by 59% (8% of all births), whereas vacuum procedures decreased to 3% of births (P < .0001) compared with the prior 2 years. The overall percentage of operative vaginal deliveries remained unchanged (11%). Cesarean section rates were unchanged during the study period at 27% of all births. Perineal laceration, 5 minute Apgar less than 7, and birth injuries were also not statistically different. There were fewer fetal pH events less than 7.1 in the teaching period (P = .003).


In the population studied, there was an association between increasing resident forceps use and a positive impact on birth outcomes from the designation of a full-time, experienced, and proactive faculty member to obstetrics teaching duty.

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