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Commun Integr Biol. 2010 Nov;3(6):536-9. doi: 10.4161/cib.3.6.12841. Epub 2010 Nov 1.

Disconnected circadian and cell cycles in a tumor-driven cell line.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences; Vanderbilt University; Nashville, TN USA.

Abstract

Cell division occurs at a specific time of day in numerous species, suggesting that the circadian and cell cycles are coupled in vivo. By measuring the cell cycle rhythm in real-time, we recently showed that the circadian and cell cycles are not coupled in immortalized fibroblasts, resulting in a rapid rate of cell division even though the circadian rhythm is normal in these cells. Here we report that tumor-driven Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells have perfectly temperature compensated circadian clocks, but the periods of their cell cycle gene expression rhythms are temperature-dependent, suggesting that their circadian and cell cycles are not connected. These data support our hypothesis that decoupling of the circadian and cell cycles may underlie aberrant cell division in tumor cells.

KEYWORDS:

Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells; bioluminescence; cancer; cell cycle; cell division; circadian; cyclin B1; reporter gene; temperature compensation

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