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Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2011 Jan;27(1):1-14. doi: 10.1016/j.kjms.2010.12.001. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Clinical proteomics: current status, challenges, and future perspectives.

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Graduate Institute of Medicine and Center for Research Resources and Development, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.


This account will give an overview and evaluation of the current advances in mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics platforms and technology. A general review of some background information concerning the application of these methods in the characterization of molecular sizes and related protein expression profiles associated with different types of cells under varied experimental conditions will be presented. It is intended to provide a concise and succinct overview to those clinical researchers first exposed to this foremost powerful methodology in modern life sciences of postgenomic era. Proteomic characterization using highly sophisticated and expensive instrumentation of MS has been used to characterize biological samples of complex protein mixtures with vastly different protein structure and composition. These systems are then used to highlight the versatility and potential of the MS-based proteomic strategies for facilitating protein expression analysis of various disease-related organisms or tissues of interest. Major MS-based strategies reviewed herein include (1) matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-MS and electron-spray ionization proteomics; (2) one-dimensional or two-dimensional gel-based proteomics; (3) gel-free shotgun proteomics in conjunction with liquid chromatography/tandem MS; (4) Multiple reaction monitoring coupled tandem MS quantitative proteomics and; (5) Phosphoproteomics based on immobilized metal affinity chromatography and liquid chromatography-MS/MS.

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