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Eur J Public Health. 2012 Apr;22(2):271-3. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr009. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

Selected risk factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis among Saharia tribe of Madhya Pradesh, central India.

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Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals (RMRCT), Indian Council of Medical Research, Jabalpur 482 003, MP, India.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem among the Saharia, a marginalized tribal group in Madhya Pradesh state, central India. However, there is no information on the risk factors associated with the development of TB disease in this community. A cross-sectional TB prevalence survey was conducted among the Saharia residing in Sheopur district of Madhya Pradesh. Information on tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption was collected from all the individuals. Persons aged ≥45 years, males, smokers and alcohol consumers had higher risks of developing TB disease. There is an urgent need to develop and implement culturally appropriate awareness raising activities to target smoking and alcohol consumption to support the efforts to control TB in this community.

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