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Atherosclerosis. 2011 May;216(1):205-11. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.01.030. Epub 2011 Jan 26.

A large screening of angiogenesis biomarkers and their association with neurological outcome after ischemic stroke.

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Neurovascular Research Laboratory and Neurovascular Unit, Neurology and Medicine Department-Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Research Institute of the Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.



The induction of angiogenesis after stroke may enhance neurorestorative processes. Our aim was to examine the endogenous angiogenesis balance and their association with long-term clinical outcome in ischemic stroke patients.


A total of 109 stroke subjects were included in the study. Firstly, plasma samples were obtained from control subjects (n = 26) and tPA-treated stroke patients (n = 29) at baseline (within 3h of symptoms onset), 1, 2, 12, 24h after tPA treatment, at discharge and 3 months after the ischemic event. Angiogenic promoters (PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB, HGF, FGF, KGF, HB-EGF, TPO, VEGF, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2 and SDF-1α) and inhibitors (endostatin, angiostatin, thrombospondin-1 and thrombospondin-2) were analyzed by Searchlight(®) technology or ELISA. Additionally, baseline and 24h endostatin plasma level was determined in a new set of stroke patients (n = 80). Clinical parameters (NIHSS, mRS, mortality and hemorrhagic transformation events) were assessed to evaluate outcome.


Baseline PDGF-BB, endostatin and thrombospondin-2 levels were higher in stroke patients than in controls (p < 0.05). A pro-angiogenic balance was associated with lower NIHSS scores and less intracranial hemorrhagic complications. Interestingly, a high baseline endostatin level was associated to long-term functional dependency (mRS > 2; p = 0.004). Finally, a baseline endostatin cut-off point of 184 ng/mL was an independent predictor of functional dependency at three months in the multiple logistic regression with an odds ratio of 8.9 (95% CI: 2.7-28.8; p = 0.0002).


Our results indicate that an early pro-angiogenic balance is associated with mild short-term neurological deficit, while an acute anti-angiogenesis status determined by high endostatin plasma level predicts a worse long-term functional outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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