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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Mar;26 Suppl 2:2-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2010.06598.x.

Genetic basis of chronic pancreatitis in Asia Pacific region.

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1
Asian Healthcare Foundation, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. aigindia@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a disease characterized by irreversible destruction and fibrosis of the parenchyma, leading to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. In developed countries, the etiology for 60% to 70% of CP amongst male patients is alcohol and 25% are classified as idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP). The genetic predisposition to CP could be an inappropriate activation of trypsinogen in the pancreas. Two common haplotypes, c.101A>G (p.N34S) and c.-215G>A, and four intronic alterations of the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) gene have been found to increase the risk for CP in the Asia Pacific region. Hence, SPINK1 is thought to be a candidate gene for pancreatitis. A loss-of-function alteration in chymotrypsinogen C (CTRC) gene has been shown to be associated with tropical calcific pancreatitis (TCP). Cathepsin B (CTSB) is also found to be associated with TCP. However mutations in cationic and anionic trypsinogen gene do not play an important role in causing CP in Asia Pacific region.

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