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Genes Cells. 2011 Mar;16(3):316-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2011.01489.x. Epub 2011 Feb 16.

EGD1 (β-NAC) mRNA is localized in a novel cytoplasmic structure in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.

Abstract

RNA localization is a common mechanism for recruiting proteins to specific regions of a cell, which causes cell polarization and sometimes asymmetric division. We found that EGD1 mRNA accumulates dose-dependently as a cytoplasmic granule in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. EGD1 encodes a β-subunit of the nascent polypeptide-associated complex (NAC). NAC is a heterodimer consisting of α- and β-subunits, associated with ribosomes and thought to be involved in the folding of nascent polypeptide chains. Analysis of deletion constructs showed that the localization of EGD1 mRNA requires both an upstream region and an ORF of EGD1, suggesting that the translation of Egd1p is important for localization. We also showed that Egd1p and P-body components are co-localized with EGD1 mRNA. This granule, named the EGD1 granule, has features similar to cellular inclusions containing aggregated proteins. Disruption of microtubules by treatment with a drug, benomyl, resulted in loss of the EGD1 granule. When the expression level of EGD2 encoding the αNAC increased, the percentage of cells showing the EGD1 granule decreased, suggesting that the granular distribution of EGD1 depends on the quantitative balance between α- and β-subunits of NAC. Taken together, we propose a novel microtubule-dependent mechanism for controlling NAC through RNA localization.

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