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Popul Health Manag. 2011 Jun;14(3):117-25. doi: 10.1089/pop.2010.0026. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

The effectiveness of a telephone-based tobacco cessation program offered as part of a worksite health promotion program.

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1
StayWell Health Management, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA.

Abstract

Extensive research on tobacco cessation affirms the effectiveness of interventions, although the literature is more limited concerning the impact of programs designed specifically for the workplace. The present study examines the effectiveness of a telephone-based health coaching tobacco cessation program that was provided as part of worksite health promotion programs by 10 large employers. The participants were recruited based on their health risks as identified by health assessments, and the program was personalized to meet their individual needs and stages of change. The results indicate that at 12 months, health coaching program participants achieved a 32% quit rate, compared to 18% for nonparticipants. The quit rate was highest (44%) among program completers who were ready to change at baseline. These results suggest that a tobacco cessation program offered as part of a worksite health promotion program can be highly effective, especially for those who are ready to change. However, the relatively low annual participation rate may indicate that tobacco users remain among the most difficult to engage and to support in their efforts to complete programs. Therefore, implementing a variety of engagement strategies, such as policy changes, as well as social and financial incentives and penalties will most likely have a positive effect at the population level.

PMID:
21323463
DOI:
10.1089/pop.2010.0026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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