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J Cardiothorac Anesth. 1990 Aug;4(4):469-73.

Low-dose dopamine during cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with renal dysfunction.

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Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Torino, Italy.


Thirty-six patients with preoperative renal dysfunction were studied to evaluate the effects of dopamine (D) and dopamine-nitroprusside (DN) on renal function during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). No differences from the control group (C) were found in creatinine clearance, fractional sodium excretion, osmolarity and free-water clearance. Sodium output/intake ratio during CPB was higher in group D than in groups C and DN (P less than 0.05); water output/intake ratio was higher in group D than in group C (P less than 0.05). Urine lysozime levels and alpha-glycosidase/creatinine ratios increased similarly in the three groups, suggesting ischemic tubular cell damage. No patients showed acute postoperative renal failure or a worsening of their renal dysfunction. The data suggest an increased water and sodium excretion during CPB with a dopamine infusion, possibly resulting from a renal vasodilator effect that was abolished by simultaneous nitroprusside administration.

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