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J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2011 Jan-Feb;25(1):1-7. doi: 10.1002/jbt.20346. Epub 2010 Nov 15.

Direct visualization of repair of oxidative damage by OGG1 in the nuclei of live cells.

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School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.


Oxidative DNA damage caused by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) is widely considered to be important in the pathology of a range of human diseases including cancer as well as in the aging process. A frequently occurring mutagenic base lesion produced by ROS is 8-oxo deoxyguanine (8-oxo dG) and the major enzyme for repair of 8-oxo dG is 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1). There is now substantial evidence from bulk biochemical studies that a common human polymorphic variant of OGG1 (Ser326Cys) is repair deficient, and this has been linked to individual risk of pathologies related to oxidative stress. In the current study, we have used the technique of multiphoton microscopy to induce highly localized oxidative DNA damage in discrete regions of the nucleus of live cells. Cells transfected with GFP-tagged OGG1 proteins demonstrated rapid (<2 min) accumulation of OGG1 at sites of laser-induced damage as indicated by accumulation of GFP-fluorescence. This was followed by repair as evidenced by loss of the localized fluorescence over time. Quantification of the rate of repair confirmed that the Cys326 variant of OGG1 is repair deficient and that the initial repair rate of damage by Cys326 OGG1 was 3 to 4 fold slower than that observed for Ser326 OGG1. These values are in good agreement with kinetic data comparing the Ser326 and Cys326 proteins obtained by biochemical studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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