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J Cell Biochem. 2011 Jul;112(7):1722-9. doi: 10.1002/jcb.23063.

The localization of hnRNP A2/B1 in nuclear matrix and the aberrant expression during the RA-induced differentiation of human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Cell Biology and Tumor Cell Engineering, School of Life Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China.

Abstract

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A2/B1 is involved in the synthesis of RNA. Its expression is up-regulated in many tumor cell lines. In this study, we investigated the distribution of hnRNP A2/B1 in the nuclear matrix, including its co-localization with expression products of related genes. Results from 2-DE PAGE and MS showed that hnRNP A2/B1 is involved with components of nuclear matrix proteins of SK-N-SH cells, and that its expression level is down-regulated after retinoic acid (RA) treatment. Protein immunoblotting results further confirm the existence of hnRNP A2/B1 in the nuclear matrix, as well as its down-regulation after RA treatment. Immunofluorescence microscopy observation showed that hnRNP A2/B1 localized in nuclear matrix of SK-N-SH cells and its distribution regions were altered after RA treatment. Laser scanning confocal microscopy observation showed that hnRNP A2/B1 co-localized with c-Myc, c-Fos, P53, and Rb in SK-N-SH cells. The co-localized region was altered as a result of RA treatment. Our data proved that hnRNP A2/B1 is a nuclear matrix protein and can be up-regulated in human neuroblastoma. The expression and distribution of hnRNP A2/B1 can affect the differentiation of SK-N-SH cells, as well as its co-localization with related oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes.

PMID:
21321999
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.23063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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