Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2011 Apr 15;286(15):12959-70. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.204024. Epub 2011 Feb 14.

PKC alpha mediates beta-arrestin2-dependent nephrin endocytosis in hyperglycemia.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Heinrich Heine University, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany. ivo.quack@med.uni-duesseldorf.de

Abstract

Nephrin, the key molecule of the glomerular slit diaphragm, is expressed on the surface of podocytes and is critical in preventing albuminuria. In diabetes, hyperglycemia leads to the loss of surface expression of nephrin and causes albuminuria. Here, we report a mechanism that can explain this phenomenon: hyperglycemia directly enhances the rate of nephrin endocytosis via regulation of the β-arrestin2-nephrin interaction by PKCα. We identified PKCα and protein interacting with c kinase-1 (PICK1) as nephrin-binding proteins. Hyperglycemia induced up-regulation of PKCα and led to the formation of a complex of nephrin, PKCα, PICK1, and β-arrestin2 in vitro and in vivo. Binding of β-arrestin2 to the nephrin intracellular domain depended on phosphorylation of nephrin threonine residues 1120 and 1125 by PKCα. Further, cellular knockdown of PKCα and/or PICK1 attenuated the nephrin-β-arrestin2 interaction and abrogated the amplifying effect of high blood glucose on nephrin endocytosis. In C57BL/6 mice, hyperglycemia over 24 h caused a significant increase in urinary albumin excretion, supporting the concept of the rapid impact of hyperglycemia on glomerular permselectivity. In summary, we have provided a molecular model of hyperglycemia-induced nephrin endocytosis and subsequent proteinuria and highlighted PKCα and PICK1 as promising therapeutic targets for diabetic nephropathy.

PMID:
21321125
PMCID:
PMC3075643
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M110.204024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center