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Addiction. 2011 Jul;106(7):1301-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03401.x. Epub 2011 May 3.

Deviant socialization mediates transmissible and contextual risk on cannabis use disorder development: a prospective study.

Author information

1
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. tarter@pitt.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

This study examined the contribution of transmissible risk, in conjunction with family and peer contextual factors during childhood and adolescence, on the development of cannabis use disorder in adulthood.

DESIGN:

The family high-risk design was used to recruit proband fathers with and without substance use disorder and track their sons longitudinally from late childhood to adulthood.

SETTING:

The families were recruited under the aegis of the Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

PARTICIPANTS:

The oldest son in the family was studied at ages 10-12, 16, 19 and 22 years.

MEASUREMENTS:

The transmissible liability index (TLI), along with measures of quality of the parent-child relationship, cooperative behavior at home, social attitudes and peer milieu were administered to model the developmental pathway to cannabis use disorder.

FINDINGS:

Affiliation with socially deviant peers and harboring non-normative attitudes (age 16) mediate the association between transmissible risk for substance use disorder (SUD) (age 10-12) and use of illegal drugs (age 19), leading to cannabis use disorder (age 22).

CONCLUSIONS:

Deviant socialization resulting from transmissible risk and poor parent-child relationship is integral to development of cannabis use disorder in young adulthood.

PMID:
21320228
PMCID:
PMC3107889
DOI:
10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03401.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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