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Langmuir. 2011 Mar 15;27(6):2334-9. doi: 10.1021/la104881w. Epub 2011 Feb 14.

Fabrication of size-controllable hexagonal non-close-packed colloidal crystals and binary colloidal crystals by pyrolysis combined with plasma-electron coirradiation of polystyrene colloidal monolayer.

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Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology , Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.


We present an unprecedented and systematic route to controllably fabricate hexagonal non-close-packed (hncp) monolayer colloidal crystals and binary colloidal crystals (BCCs) based on plasma-electron coirradiation of polystyrene colloidal monolayers followed by thermal decomposition. Hncp colloidal crystals with tunable particle sizes and periods could be fabricated by changing the pristine colloidal particle size and the thermal decomposition time. In addition, BCCs and trimodal colloidal crystals that are composed of different-sized colloidal particles can also be fabricated by adding small particles on the prepared hncp colloidal crystals. Both the particle size ratio and the volume fraction of the BCCs can be widely tuned. These hncp colloidal crystals and BCCs have various potential applications as optical and photonic materials as well as in catalysis and sensors.

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