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Int J Oncol. 2011 Apr;38(4):1163-73. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2011.939. Epub 2011 Feb 10.

Anti-adult T-cell leukemia effects of Bidens pilosa.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of Bidens pilosa, a plant found in tropical and subtropical regions, and investigated the molecular pathways responsible for the anti-adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) effect. Water extracts of B. pilosa had growth suppressive effects on human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected T-cell lines and ATL cells. B. pilosa extracts arrested cells in G1 cell cycle and induced apoptosis of HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines. B. pilosa extracts inhibited also the phosphorylation of IκB kinase β and IκBα, and NF-κB-DNA binding, in conjunction with reduction of expression of proteins involved in G1/S cell cycle transition and suppression of apoptosis. Reactive oxygen species played a role in B. pilosa-mediated suppression of NF-κB activity. B. pilosa extracts also inhibited the expression of JunB and JunD, resulting in suppression of AP-1-DNA binding. In animals harboring tumors of HTLV-1-infected T-cell origin, treatment with B. pilosa extracts suppressed tumor growth. Our results suggest that B. pilosa is a potentially useful medicinal plant for treatment of ATL.

PMID:
21318218
DOI:
10.3892/ijo.2011.939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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