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Eur J Radiol. 2012 Feb;81(2):298-302. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.12.079. Epub 2011 Feb 11.

Clinical utility of quantitative magnetic resonance angiography in the assessment of the underlying pathophysiology in a variety of cerebrovascular disorders.

Author information

1
Winthrop University Hospital, Lake Success, NY 11042, United States. jbrisman@nspc.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Quantitative MRA (qMRA) is a relatively new technique that uses traditional time-of-flight and phase-contrast MRI to visualize extracranial and intracranial vascular anatomy and measure volumetric blood flow. We aimed to assess the clinical utility of qMRA in assessing the hypothesized pathophysiology (HP) in a range of cerebrovascular diseases. Moreover, we postulated that evaluation of the arterial waveforms, can improve the evaluation of the hypothesized pathophysiology by qMRA.

METHODS:

We reviewed studies from 10 patients who underwent qMRA examinations before and after their treatments. Two reviewers assessed the anatomy, volumetric flow rates and arterial waveforms for each vessel sampled and reached a consensus as to whether the above parameters supported the clinical diagnosis/hypothesized pathophysiology and the subsequent management.

FINDINGS:

All 20 qMRA studies were technically adequate. qMRA supported the HP in all 10 patients as determined by abnormal volumetric flow values in the affected vessels before treatment and by the correction of these abnormal values in the patients whose treatment was successful. Each of our five patients with occlusive disease/vasoconstriction demonstrated evidence of dampening of the arterial waveforms distally to the narrowed artery (parvus-tardus phenomenon). The parvus-tardus effect disappeared after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

qMRA is unique in combining time-of-flight MRA in a complementary manner with phase-contrast MRA to obtain volumetric flow values and potentially important physiologic information from arterial waveform analysis in patients with a range of cerebrovascular diseases during the course of a single MR examination.

PMID:
21316169
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.12.079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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