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Talanta. 2011 Mar 15;84(1):141-7. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2010.12.041. Epub 2011 Jan 8.

Determination of 17 pyrethroid residues in troublesome matrices by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with negative chemical ionization.

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Jiangsu Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of PRC, 99 Zhonghua Road, Nanjing 210001, China.


An analytical method with the technique of QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) and gas chromatography (GC)/mass spectrometry (MS) in negative chemical ionization (NCI) has been developed for the determination of 17 pyrethroid pesticide residues in troublesome matrices, including garlic, onion, spring onion and chili. Pyrethroid residues were extracted with acidified acetonitrile saturated by hexane. After a modified QuEChERS clean-up step, the extract was analyzed by GC-NCI/MS in selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. An isotope internal standard of trans-cypermethrin-D(6) was employed for quantitation. Chromatograms of pyrethroids obtained in all these matrices were relatively clean and without obvious interference. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.02 to 6 μg kg(-1) and recovery yields were from 54.0% to 129.8% at three spiked levels (20, 40 and 60 μg kg(-1) for chili, and 10, 20 and 30 μg kg(-1) for others) in four different matrices depending on the compounds determined. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) were all below 14%. Isomerization enhancement of pyrethroids in chili extract was observed and preliminarily explained, especially for acrinathrin and deltamethrin.

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