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Gastroenterology. 2011 May;140(5):1434-43.e1. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.01.052. Epub 2011 Mar 23.

Impaired uptake of serotonin by platelets from patients with irritable bowel syndrome correlates with duodenal immune activation.

Author information

1
National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, School of Clinical Sciences, Nottingham, England.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) have increased mucosal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) availability, possibly because immune activation reduces activity of the 5-HT transporter (SERT). We investigated the relationship between mucosal and platelet SERT and immune activation of the duodenal mucosa in patients with IBS-D.

METHODS:

We quantified mucosal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), mast cells, and enterochromaffin cells in blood samples, measured levels of SERT messenger RNA (mRNA) in mucosal samples, and assessed platelet uptake of 5-HT and platelet membrane binding of (3)H-paroxetine in samples from 29 healthy volunteers (HVs), 20 patients with IBS-D, and 20 untreated patients with celiac disease.

RESULTS:

Patients with IBS-D or celiac disease had increased numbers of IELs and mast cells compared with HVs (both P < .001). Levels of SERT mRNA were reduced in the mucosa of patients with IBS-D or celiac disease and were inversely correlated with numbers of IELs (r = -0.72, P < .0001). Uptake of 5-HT by platelets from patients with IBS-D or celiac disease was reduced (mean, 17.1 ± 3.5 and 28.3 ± 4.1 nmol·min(-1)·mg(-1), respectively) compared with HVs (50.8 ± 8.0 nmol·min(-1)·mg(-1), P < .01 and P = .05, respectively). Binding of paroxetine to membranes of platelets from patients with IBS-D (median [interquartile range], 226 [92-405] fmol/mg protein) was significantly greater than that from HVs (109 [69-175] fmol/mg protein) and correlated inversely with platelet uptake of 5-HT (r = -0.62, P = .03). Tryptase release from incubated biopsy samples was significantly increased in patients with IBS-D (2.2 [0.42-3.5] vs 0.50 [0.25-0.86] ng·mL(-1)·mg(-1) for HVs; P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Platelet SERT is reduced in IBS-D and associated with reduced levels of SERT mRNA and duodenal immune activation.

PMID:
21315720
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2011.01.052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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