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Vaccine. 2011 Mar 24;29(15):2720-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.01.083. Epub 2011 Feb 11.

Adenovirus-vectored Plasmodium vivax ookinete surface protein, Pvs25, as a potential transmission-blocking vaccine.

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Department of Tropical Infectious Diseases, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan.


Adjuvants or delivery vehicles are essential components to expedite malaria vaccine development. In this study, replication-defective human adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd) was genetically engineered to express the Plasmodium vivax ookinete surface protein (OSP), Pvs25 (AdPvs25). BALB/c mice immunized with the AdPvs25 through various routes including intramuscular, subcutaneous and intranasal routes were analyzed for induction of antigen-specific transmission-blocking immunity. Parenteral but not mucosal immunization induced high serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses specific to P. vivax ookinetes isolated from P. vivax volunteer patients from Thailand. The membrane feeding assay revealed that antisera conferred a transmission blockade of up to 99% reduction in the average oocyst numbers per mosquito, while immunization with a rAd expressing Pfs25 from Plasmodium falciparum, a homolog of Pvs25, conferred only a background level of blockade, suggesting that a species-specific transmission-blocking immunity was induced. Vaccine efficacy of AdPvs25 was slightly higher than to a recombinant Pvs25 protein mixed with aluminum hydroxide, but less efficacious than the protein emulsified with incomplete Freund's adjuvant. This study, the first preclinical evaluation of adenovirus-vectored malaria OSPs, implicates a potential inclusion of malaria transmission-blocking vaccine antigens in viral vector systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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