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Vaccine. 2011 Mar 24;29(15):2742-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.01.089. Epub 2011 Feb 11.

Induction of protective Th1 immune responses in mice by vaccination with recombinant Toxoplasma gondii nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase-II.

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Department of Parasitology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, People's Republic of China.


The Toxoplasma gondii nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (TgNTPase) has apyrase activity, degrading ATP to the di- and mono-phosphate forms and may be used by the parasite to salvage purines from the host cell for survival and replication. To study the immune-protective value of TgNTPase-II, BALB/c mice were immunized with a recombinant form of the antigen rTgNTPase-II combined with alum. All immunized mice produced specific anti-rTgNTPase-II immunoglobulins, with high IgG antibody titers and a mixed IgG1/IgG2a response, with predominance of IgG2a production. The cellular immune response was associated with the production of IFN-γ and IL-2 cytokines and the increase of the percentage of CD8+ T cells. Vaccinated mice displayed significant protection against acute infection with the virulent RH strain (P<0.05 in survival rate) and also chronic infection with PRU cyst (62.9% and 57.6% reduction in brain parasite load for rTgNTPase-II+alum and rTgNTPase-II alone vaccinated groups) compared to the non-vaccinated control group. In conclusion, rTgNTPase-II elicits a strong specific Th1 immune response providing partial protection against both T. gondii acute and chronic infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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