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Neuron. 2011 Feb 10;69(3):548-62. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.11.045.

Internally generated preactivation of single neurons in human medial frontal cortex predicts volition.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine and Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. ifried@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

Understanding how self-initiated behavior is encoded by neuronal circuits in the human brain remains elusive. We recorded the activity of 1019 neurons while twelve subjects performed self-initiated finger movement. We report progressive neuronal recruitment over ∼1500 ms before subjects report making the decision to move. We observed progressive increase or decrease in neuronal firing rate, particularly in the supplementary motor area (SMA), as the reported time of decision was approached. A population of 256 SMA neurons is sufficient to predict in single trials the impending decision to move with accuracy greater than 80% already 700 ms prior to subjects' awareness. Furthermore, we predict, with a precision of a few hundred ms, the actual time point of this voluntary decision to move. We implement a computational model whereby volition emerges once a change in internally generated firing rate of neuronal assemblies crosses a threshold.

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PMID:
21315264
PMCID:
PMC3052770
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2010.11.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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