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Toxicol Lett. 2011 Apr 25;202(2):111-9. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2011.01.025. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles impair lung mitochondrial function.

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Laboratorio 10, Unidad de Biomedicina, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, UNAM, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Av. de Los Barrios 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, Edo de México, Mexico.


Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) are used in an increasing number of human products such as cosmetics, sunscreen, toothpaste and paints. However, there is clear evidence about effects associated to TiO(2) NPs exposure, which include lung inflammation and tumor formation and these effects are related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. The ROS generation could be attributed to a mitochondrial dysfunction. Even though, it has been shown that TiO(2) NPs exposure can induce some alterations in mitochondria including cytochrome c release to cytosol, change in mitochondrial permeability and decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ(m)), there is no information about the changes in mitochondrial function induced by TiO(2) NPs. We hypothesized that TiO(2) NPs effects are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and redox unbalance. To test our hypothesis we isolated mitochondria from lung tissue of rats and exposed them to 10(g TiO(2) NPs (particle size<25nm)/mg protein for 1h. Our results showed that TiO(2) NPs decreases NADH levels and impairs ΔΨ(m) and mitochondrial function accompanied by ROS generation during mitochondrial respiration.

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