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Minerva Pediatr. 2011 Feb;63(1):27-33.

Lipid profile, thyroid function, and serum magnesium level in type I diabetic children.

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Department of Pediatrics, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences Rafsanjan, Iran.



This study aim was to investigate the changes of lipid profile, thyroid function and Magnesium (Mg) level in type I diabetic children.


This descriptive cross-sectional stu-dy was done on fifty type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients and fifty age-matched healthy children from Rafsanjan city, Iran. After completing questionnaire for demographic information, blood glucose, lipid profile, Mg, thyroid hormones, height, weight and waist circumference were measured.


No significant differences between the groups in body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, lipid profile, and T4 level were found. The mean T3 and serum TSH levels in cases were significantly different from the control group (P=0.046 and P=0.039, respectively). The most of patients in both groups had serum Mg level more than 2 mg/dl with no significant difference.


According to the results, there was a significant association between type I diabetes and serum TSH and T3 levels. Considering this finding, assessment of thyroid hormones in diabetic children is recommended.

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