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J Neurosci Methods. 2011 Apr 15;197(1):171-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2011.01.032. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

An extended model of intracranial latency facilitates non-invasive detection of cerebrovascular changes.

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Neural Systems and Dynamics Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


A method has been recently developed to reduce the confounding factors of extracranial origins on the intracranial latency (the time interval between the electrocardiogram QRS component and the initial inflection of the resulting pulse). Although, the proposed model was shown to portray a better characterization of cerebral vasculature, the parameters of the model and their physiological interpretations have not been fully explored. The present work improves the physiological understanding of these parameters, refines the model and extends its ability to monitor real-time changes in overall cerebrovascular resistance. We show that the slope of the linear model which relates the latency of arterial blood pressure to that of the cerebral blood flow velocity, could be a measure of resistance, and that the intercept is a function of slope and pre-ejection period. A dataset of cerebral blood flow velocity and arterial blood pressure signals from 18 normal subjects at rest was used to validate the derived parameters of the model. Also, the results of further data processing verified our hypothesis that the slope of the model would significantly increase during a period of CO₂ rebreathing, due to dilation of the vessels and reduction of cerebrovascular resistance (p ≤ 0.02). Finally as the slope of the proposed model is shown to be highly correlated with other conventional measures of cerebrovascular resistance, (resistance area product and critical closing pressure), we conclude that the derived slope metric is a measure of overall cerebrovascular resistance and therefore could be useful in guiding the non-invasive cerebrovascular management of patients.

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