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Clin Chim Acta. 2011 May 12;412(11-12):952-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2011.01.030. Epub 2011 Feb 16.

Non-invasive screening of HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 alleles for persistent hepatitis B virus infection: susceptibility for vertical transmission and toward a personalized approach for vaccination and treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polymorphisms in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and non-MHC genes were recently reported to be associated with persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and host response to hepatitis B vaccine in Asian populations. We aimed to confirm the associations in Chinese population and develop a non-invasive screening method for the risk loci.

METHODS:

We genotyped 2 risk alleles on the MHC loci, HLA-DPA1 (rs3077) and HLA-DPB1 (rs9277535), and 1 risk allele near a non-MHC gene, FOXP1 (rs6789153) using high-resolution melting curve analysis. With minimal processing steps and time, salivary DNA was extracted with a modified protocol of a blood kit. We compared the genotyping fidelity between peripheral blood DNA and salivary DNA.

RESULTS:

Both rs3077 and rs9277535, but not rs6789153, are significantly associated with CHB in Chinese population (p-value<0.001). High genotype concordance between different sources of genomic DNA was obtained.

CONCLUSIONS:

Genotyping salivary DNA using our modified methods provides a non-invasive fast screening for host susceptibility loci. The transmission mechanism of hepatitis B can now be modified by adding genetic susceptibility to the traditional vertical transmission model of hepatitis B.

PMID:
21310144
DOI:
10.1016/j.cca.2011.01.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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