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Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2011 May;38(5):911-9. doi: 10.1007/s00259-010-1715-7. Epub 2011 Feb 10.

Quantification of neutrophil migration into the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To quantify neutrophil migration into the lungs of patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD).

METHODS:

Neutrophil loss via airways was assessed by dedicated whole-body counting 45 min, 24 h and 2, 4, 7 and 10 days after injection of very small activities of (111)In-labelled neutrophils in 12 healthy nonsmokers, 5 healthy smokers, 16 patients with COPD (of whom 7 were ex-smokers) and 10 patients with bronchiectasis. Lung accumulation of (99m)Tc-labelled neutrophils was assessed by sequential SPECT and Patlak analysis in six COPD patients and three healthy nonsmoking subjects.

RESULTS:

Whole body (111)In counts, expressed as percentages of 24 h counts, decreased in all subjects. Losses at 7 days (mean ± SD) were similar in healthy nonsmoking subjects (5.5 ± 1.5%), smoking subjects (6.5 ± 4.4%) and ex-smoking COPD patients (5.8 ± 1.5%). In contrast, currently smoking COPD patients showed higher losses (8.0 ± 3.0%) than healthy nonsmokers (p = 0.03). Two bronchiectatic patients lost 25% and 26%, indicating active disease; mean loss in the remaining eight was 6.9 ± 2.5%. The rate of accumulation of (99m)Tc-neutrophils in the lungs, determined by sequential SPECT, was increased in COPD patients (0.030-0.073 min(-1)) compared with healthy nonsmokers (0-0.002 min(-1); p = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

In patients with COPD, sequential SPECT showed increased lung accumulation of (99m)Tc-labelled neutrophils, while whole-body counting demonstrated subsequent higher losses of (111)In-labelled neutrophils in patients who continued to smoke. Sequential SPECT as a means of quantifying neutrophil migration deserves further evaluation.

PMID:
21308374
DOI:
10.1007/s00259-010-1715-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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