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Arq Bras Cardiol. 2011 Mar;96(3):172-8. Epub 2011 Feb 4.

Investigation of ion channel gene variants in patients with long QT syndrome.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

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Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Evaristo da Veiga 83/509, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.



The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited arrhythmia syndrome with increased QT interval and risk of sudden death. Mutations in genes KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A account for 90% of cases with genotype determined, and genotyping is informative for genetic counseling and better disease management.


Molecular investigation and computational analysis of gene variants of KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A associated with LQTS, in families with the disease.


The coding regions of genes KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A in patients with LQTS and their family members were sequenced and analyzed using Geneious ProTM software.


Two families with clinical criteria for LQTS were investigated. The proband of Family A had QTC = 562 ms, Schwartz Score = 5.5. The genotyping identified the G1714A mutation in the KCNH2 gene. QTC = 521 ± 42 ms was observed in family members carrying the mutation against QTC = 391 ± 21 ms for non-carriers. The proband of Family B had QTc = 551 ms, Schwartz Score = 5.5. The genotyping identified the G1600T mutation, in the same gene. The analysis of family members revealed QTC = 497 ± 42 ms in mutation carriers, compared with QTC = 404 ± 29 ms in non-carriers.


Two gene variants previously associated with LQTS were found in two families clinically diagnosed with LQTS. The prolongation of the QT interval was observed in all family members carrying the mutations. A strategy was developed to identify variants of genes KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A, making it possible to train technical staff for future application to diagnosis routine.

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