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Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 May;39(9):e58. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr053. Epub 2011 Feb 8.

QDMR: a quantitative method for identification of differentially methylated regions by entropy.

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1
College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China. yanyou1225@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

DNA methylation plays critical roles in transcriptional regulation and chromatin remodeling. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) have important implications for development, aging and diseases. Therefore, genome-wide mapping of DMRs across various temporal and spatial methylomes is important in revealing the impact of epigenetic modifications on heritable phenotypic variation. We present a quantitative approach, quantitative differentially methylated regions (QDMRs), to quantify methylation difference and identify DMRs from genome-wide methylation profiles by adapting Shannon entropy. QDMR was applied to synthetic methylation patterns and methylation profiles detected by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation microarray (MeDIP-chip) in human tissues/cells. This approach can give a reasonable quantitative measure of methylation difference across multiple samples. Then DMR threshold was determined from methylation probability model. Using this threshold, QDMR identified 10,651 tissue DMRs which are related to the genes enriched for cell differentiation, including 4740 DMRs not identified by the method developed by Rakyan et al. QDMR can also measure the sample specificity of each DMR. Finally, the application to methylation profiles detected by reduced representation bisulphite sequencing (RRBS) in mouse showed the platform-free and species-free nature of QDMR. This approach provides an effective tool for the high-throughput identification of potential functional regions involved in epigenetic regulation.

PMID:
21306990
PMCID:
PMC3089487
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkr053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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