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Ethn Dis. 2010 Autumn;20(4):334-8.

All Nations Breath of Life: using community-based participatory research to address health disparities in cigarette smoking among American Indians.

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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, MS-1008, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.


Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, we developed the All Nations Breath of Life smoking cessation program and pilot-tested it in urban and reservation communities. The program combines weekly in-person group support sessions with individual telephone calls using motivational interviewing. All sessions include discussion of sacred tobacco and information about quitting and health. We have assessed the scientific validity, cultural-appropriateness, and readability of our program materials and found them to be adequate; participant satisfaction is high. The program shows promise for improving quit rates among American Indians, who have the highest smoking rates and lowest quit rates of any ethnic group. Our preliminary self-report data show quit rates of 65% at program completion and 25% at six months post-baseline.

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