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Hum Brain Mapp. 2011 Dec;32(12):2104-14. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21172. Epub 2011 Feb 8.

Seeing touch in the somatosensory cortex: a TMS study of the visual perception of touch.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. nadia.bolognini@unimib.it

Abstract

Recent studies suggest the existence of a visuo-tactile mirror system, comprising the primary (SI) and secondary (SII) somatosensory cortices, which matches observed touch with felt touch. Here, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was used to determine whether SI or SII play a functional role in the visual processing of tactile events. Healthy participants performed a visual discrimination task with tactile stimuli (a finger touching a hand) and a control task (a finger moving without touching). During both tasks, rTMS was applied over either SI or SII, and to the occipital cortex. rTMS over SI selectively reduced subject performance for interpreting whether a contralateral visual tactile stimulus contains a tactile event, whereas SII stimulation impaired visual processing regardless of the tactile component. These findings provide evidence for a multimodal sensory-motor system with mirror properties, where somatic and visual properties of action converge. SI, a cortical area traditionally viewed as modality-specific, is selectively implicated in the visual processing of touch. These results are in line with the existence of a sensory mirror system mediating the embodied simulation concept.

PMID:
21305659
DOI:
10.1002/hbm.21172
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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