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PLoS One. 2011 Jan 31;6(1):e16289. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016289.

Odorant binding proteins of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta: an example of the problems facing the analysis of widely divergent proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. gotzekd@si.edu

Abstract

We describe the odorant binding proteins (OBPs) of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, obtained from analyses of an EST library and separate 454 sequencing runs of two normalized cDNA libraries. We identified a total of 18 putative functional OBPs in this ant. A third of the fire ant OBPs are orthologs to honey bee OBPs. Another third of the OBPs belong to a lineage-specific expansion, which is a common feature of insect OBP evolution. Like other OBPs, the different fire ant OBPs share little sequence similarity (∼ 20%), rendering evolutionary analyses difficult. We discuss the resulting problems with sequence alignment, phylogenetic analysis, and tests of selection. As previously suggested, our results underscore the importance for careful exploration of the sensitivity to the effects of alignment methods for data comprising widely divergent sequences.

PMID:
21305009
PMCID:
PMC3031547
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0016289
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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