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Subst Use Misuse. 2011;46(2-3):254-63. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2011.523215.

HIV risk and prevention among Hispanic immigrants in New York: the salience of diversity.

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  • 1Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, College of Nursing, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA.


The importance of identifying differences in HIV risk between Hispanic subgroups is the focus of this article. Data are drawn from two New York?based HIV-related studies: among Puerto Rican drug users and among new immigrants from Central America, the Dominican Republic, and Mexico. Results indicated that intercultural individuals (i.e., those involved in both Puerto Rican and mainland cultures) were less risky in terms of injection- and sex-related risk behaviors and that geographic and other contextual factors, along with cultural norms, influence risk behaviors for immigrants. Both studies indicate the need to differentiate subgroup factors affecting HIV risk and prevention behaviors to develop appropriate and effective community-based interventions. The study's limitations are noted.

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